Is it really better? For whom? What is the difference between organic cotton and conventional cotton? And what does it take for cotton to be organic?
Let us answer these questions for you.
PESTICIDES & SPILLAGE
Of everything grown on our planet, cotton stands for only a small percentage (2,5%). But even though the production of cotton on the whole is quite small, it alone stands for about 25% of all contamination of pesticides. Put that side to side with the fact that only 1% of all cotton produced is organic cotton. Pesticides have an extensive impact and serious consequences such as water poisoning, extinction of wildlife and human health problems.
It is simply not enough to just grow cotton without any harmful chemicals and pesticides. To avoid the soil from being depleted, the farmer needs to vary the crop on the fields from one year to another, making the soil more fertile and minimizing the risk of bugs and insects damaging the crop. The soil where the cotton is farmed must have been free from pesticides and chemicals for at least three years.
Organic farming may result in smaller harvests and requires a larger human effort of work. That is good to have in mind when comparing prices between organic cotton and conventional cotton.
Another problem with cotton farming is the huge amount of water it demands. That goes for both organic cotton as well as conventional. There are examples where lakes were almost completely got drained out due to the irrigation for the crop.
CONTROL UNION CERTIFICATION
Our cotton comes from distrubutors that are monitored and certified all according to the regulation of Control Union Certifification.
Control Union Certification is an organisation who strictly follows the criteria for organic production according to; GOTS (Global Organic Textile Standard) and Organic Exchange Certification.
THESE ARE THE REQUIREMENTS FOR COTTON TO BE ALLOWED TO BE CLASSFIED AS ORGANIC:
- It has to be farmed without any chemicals and pesticides.
- The land where the cotton is grown must have been free from chemicals for at least three years.
- The agriculture needs to be varied between different kinds of crops from year to year.
- Organic cotton need to be officially certified to be called organic.
Source and inspiration: Sweden’s consumers